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Georg Friedrich Händel: Alessandro: Mixed Choir

Score Only | Mixed Choir
Composer Georg Friedrich Händel
Publisher Bärenreiter-Verlag
Instrumentation Mixed Choir

In quite characteristic fashion for the times, Handel’s opera “Alessandro” looks at various episodes in the life and rule of Alexander the Great (356 323 BC). This legendary warrior and military commander conquered large parts of the world before meeting an untimely end at the age of 32. A central conflict in Handel’s opera is Alessandro being in love with two women, Lisaura and Rossane, who compete for his favour. In addition, his claim to be of divine parentage is underlined, occasioning him to demand the subservience of his followers, which meets with vigorous disapproval.

Handel composed “Alessandro” for the Royal Academy of Music to a libretto by Paolo Antonio Rolli in the 1725/26 season. The work was premiered at the King’s Theatre in London on 5 May 1726. “Alessandro” was the first of five operas for the Royal Academy, operas which saw Handel compose for three of the most famous singers of his time: Francesco Bernardi (called Senesino) Francesca Cuzzoni and Faustina Bordoni.

Ortensio Mauro’s libretto “La superbia d’Alessandro,” which was performed for the first time in Hanover in 1690 in a musical setting by Agostino Steffani and staged again in the city the following year under the title “Il zelo di Leonato” but with numerous alterations, served as the source text for Handel’s “Alessandro”. One of the main aspects Rolli had to consider when preparing the libretto for the London performances was to keep the roles of the famous singers of the Royal Academy well balanced, yet at the same time to engineer a musical contest between the prima donnas Cuzzoni and Bordoni (Lisaura and Rossane) as well. From a business point of view, it made good sense, for such rivalry would surely increase public interest in the opera.

It is no longer possible to ascertain which changes Handel made during the following performance series of the 1727/28 season. For the performance series of 1732/33, Handel made substantial revisions to the opera: six numbers were deleted in their entirety, the finale in part as well, and the recitatives were made much shorter, with the parts of Cleone and Leonato omitted

Language E(UK)D
Series Bärenreiter Urtext
Subtitle Oratorio in three parts
Difficulty Advanced
Product Format Score
Genre Oratorio
Product Type Sheet Music
Store Sheet Music & Songbooks
Pages 385
ISMN 9790006443161
Edition Number BA4023
Catalog No. BA4023
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