The Symphony No. 104 in D Major is Joseph Haydn's final symphony, and is known as the London symphony. It was composed and premiered by the composer in London in 1795, and consists of four movements: Adagio, Allegro – Andante – Menuetto, Allegro, Trio – Finale, Spiritoso. It is the best-known of Haydn’s works, and epitomises the classical style and structure of the symphonic form.
Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) was an Austrian composer who became the figurehead of the classical movement. He formed a close and mutually respectful relationship with Mozart, and later taught Beethoven, but it was his compositions that left an indelible mark on the musical landscape of Western Europe.