Rolling Down To Rio first appeared in The Beginning of the Armadillos, one of the Just So stories by Rudyard Kipling. It was set to music in 1903 by Edward German, arranged for unison or solo Voice with Piano accompaniment. The arrangement has remained highly popular ever since.
Edward German was an English musician and composer of Welsh descent, best remembered for his extensive output of incidental music for the stage and as a successor to Arthur Sullivan in the field of English comic opera. While French influences are clearly apparent in his music, all in all his style is usually considered to be ‘quintessentially English’.