Maurice Ravel's Tzigane for Violin and Piano. Urtext edition full score.
Composed in 1924, there are three versions of this work: with Piano, with Orchestra and with Luthéal, a device for Keyboard instruments to extend the timbre.
“Virtuoso piece in the style of a Hungarian rhapsody” – thus reads Ravel’s entry on Tzigane in the so-called 'Autobiographical Sketch'. Tzigane was inspired by the Hungarian-English violinist Jelly d’Aranyi, to whom Ravel had already promised a virtuoso piece in 1922 following Franz Liszt’s “Hungarian Rhapsodies”. Work progressed slowly and d’Aranyi only received the music four days before the première – but she still gave a brilliant performance.