Bengt Hambraeus (1928 - 2000) was a Swedish composer and organist.
Born in Stockholm, Bengt Hambraeus studied the organ with Alf Linder, 1944-1948. He then studied at Uppsala University 1947-1956, taking his Fil. Lic. degree in musicology. He was employed by the Music Department of the Swedish Broadcasting Corporation in 1957, becoming head of its Chamber Music Section 1965-1968, and Production Manager 1968-1972. He has been Professor at McGill University, Montreal, Canada 1972-1993 and he became a Member of the Royal Academy of Music in 1967.