Although Carl Nielsen's Symphony No. 4 was completed in 1916 and although it prominently features a thundering duel between timpani, the composer did not write this work in response to World War I. Instead, it is a noisy, energetic, thrusting paean to the inextinguishability of life itself. And as music, like life in this instance, is inextinguishable, the four intricately interlinked movements are played without a break. In this work can be heard the influences of Brahms, Dvorak, Sibelius and others, all transformed by Nielsen's creative spirit. The symphony ends in grand Romantic style with atriumphant finale wherein the jagged two-note and three-note themes of the beginning are conquered by the songlike theme of the third movement.